9 th form
From “About Coming of Age”
Coming of age is the transition from child to adult, boy to man, girl to woman. But when exactly that happens – and how you celebrate or action the change – may depend entirely on where in the world you live.
In the UK, depending on your point of view, people come of age when they reach 16, 18 or 21 years old. At 16 you can get married without parental consent in England and Scotland, but you have to wait until you are 18 before you are allowed to vote, drink alcohol, or buy cigarettes. Turning 21, in comparison, has few legal effects but may be even more strenuously celebrated.
In other cultures, the graduation into adulthood may not depend on age so much as on experience and development. Young Hamar boys of Ethiopia, for instance, becoming a man is marked when they can run four times over the backs of their cattle, while the boys of Brazil’s Xavante tribe come of age through a series of tasks including spending fifteen days immersed in water.
Only allowed to leave the water for the occasional sleep, the men-in-waiting are taken to the point of complete exhaustion under the watchful eyes and instruction of the village elders. Once their skin is sufficiently softened, the boys are then ritually scarred and their ears pierced with the bone of a jaguar. Having proved their stamina, they are finally painted with red dye as a sign of their transition to manhood.
Decide if the statements are true or false
1. In the USA people can get married at age 16 without parental consent.
2. Hamar boys have their ears pierced by the bone of a jaguar.
3. Hamar boys of Ethiopia and boys of Brazil’s Xavante tribe come of age based on experience and development.
4. The coming of age ritual is more complex for the Xavante tribe than the Hamar boys of Ethiopia.
5. Being painted red can be seen as a badge of merit for the Xavante boys.
From The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint Exupéry
The sixth planet was ten times larger than the last one. It was inhabited by an old gentleman who wrote voluminous books.
“Oh, look! Here is an explorer!” he exclaimed to himself when he saw the little prince coming.
The little prince sat down on the table and panted a little. He had already traveled so much and so far!
“Where do you come from?” the old gentleman said to him.
“What is that big book?” said the little prince. “What are you doing?”
“I am a geographer,” said the old gentleman.
“What is a geographer?” asked the little prince.
“A geographer is a scholar who knows the location of all the seas, rivers, towns, mountains, and deserts.”
“That is very interesting,” said the little prince. “Here at last is a man who has a real profession!” And he cast a look around him at the planet of the geographer. It was the most magnificent and stately planet that he had ever seen.
“Your planet is very beautiful,” he said. “Has it any oceans?”
“I couldn’t tell you,” said the geographer.
“Ah!” The little prince was disappointed. “Has it any mountains?”
“I couldn’t tell you,” said the geographer.
“And towns, and rivers, and deserts?”
“I couldn’t tell you that, either.”
“But you are a geographer!”
“Exactly,” the geographer said. “But I am not an explorer.”
Choose the multiple-choice item that makes the sentence correct.
6. According to the text, a “geographer” is:
A) An educated person who knows where features of the earth are located.
B) An educated person who travels to different places.
C) Someone who explores.
D) Someone who looks for new information.
7. “Panted” means:
A) breathed heavily
B) sighed loudly
8. “Voluminous” means:
9. Why does the geographer not know where the seas, rivers, towns, mountains, and deserts are located on his planet?
A) Because he is not a scholar.
B) Because he is not an explorer.
C) Because it is not a professional.
D) Because he writes books.
10. What do you think the geographer is writing about in his book?
A) The story of the little prince.
B) The geography of his planet.
C) The story of an explorer.
D) The story of a man who has a real profession.
From Little Women by Louisa May Alcott
“What in the world are you going to do now, Jo?” asked Meg, one snowy afternoon, as her sister came tramping through the hall, in rubber boots, old sack and hood, with a broom in one hand and a shovel in the other.
“Going out for exercise,” answered Jo, with a mischievous twinkle in her eyes.
“I should think two long walks this morning would have been enough! It’s cold and dull out; and I advise you to stay warm and dry, by the fire, as I do,” said Meg, with a shiver.
“Never take advice! Can’t keep still all day, and, not being a pussy-cat, I don’t like to doze by the fire. I like adventures, and I’m going to find some.”
Meg went back to toast her feet and read Ivanhoe; and Jo began to dig paths with great energy. The snow was light, and with her broom she soon swept a path all round the garden, for Beth to walk in when the sun came out; and the invalid dolls needed air. Now the garden separated the Marches’ house from that of Mr. Laurence. Both stood in a suburb of the city, which was still country-like, with groves and lawns, large gardens, and quiet streets. A low hedge parted the two estates. On one side was an old, brown house, looking rather bare and shabby, robbed of the vines that in summer covered its walls, and the flowers which then surrounded it. On the other side was a stately stone mansion, plainly betokening every sort of comfort and luxury, from the big coach-house and well-kept grounds to the conservatory and the glimpses of lovely things one caught between the rich curtains. Yet it seemed a lonely, lifeless sort of house; for no children frolicked on the lawn, no motherly face ever smiled at the windows, and few people went in and out, except the old gentleman and his grandson.
Choose the multiple-choice item that makes the sentence correct.
11. The character Jo could be best described as:
A) Cold and dull
B) Adventurous and independent
C) Tired and opinionated
D) Introverted and boring
12. According to the text:
A) It is a winter afternoon.
B) It is a winter evening.
C) Both Meg and Jo enjoy snow.
D) Both Meg and Jo enjoy reading.
13. According to the text, “tramping” means:
A) Running loudly
B) Running quickly
C) Walking quietly
D) Walking heavily
14. The “old, brown house” is:
A) Separated from the mansion by a wooden fence.
B) A symbol of every comfort and luxury.
C) Covered with pretty vines and flowers in the summer.
D) Lonely and lifeless.
15. The “stately stone mansion” is:
A) Inhabited by two people.
B) Covered with pretty vines and flowers in the summer.
C) Simple and dilapidated.
D) Lively and full of children.
Listening Comprehension Test for the 9 th form Students
Sometimes a soccer ball is more than just a ball. Sometimes, it’s a lifesaver. Tim Jahnigen has always followed his heart, whether as a carpenter, a chef, a lyricist or now as an entrepreneur. So in 2006, when he saw a documentary about children in Darfur who found solace playing soccer with balls made out of garbage and string, he was inspired to do something about it. The children, he learned, used trash because the balls donated by relief agencies and sporting goods companies quickly ripped or deflated on the rocky dirt that doubled as soccer fields. Kicking a ball around provided such joy in otherwise stressful and trying conditions that the children would play with practically anything that approximated a ball.
During the next two years, Mr. Jahnigen, who was also working to develop an infrared medical technology, searched for something that could be made into a ball but never wear out, go flat or need a pump. Many engineers he spoke to were dubious of his project. But Mr. Jahnigen eventually discovered PopFoam, a type of hard foam made of ethylene-vinyl acetate, a class of material similar to that used in Crocs, the popular and durable sandals. Creating a prototype, it turned out, cost about one-tenth as much as expected and took about a year. Sting called it the One World Futbol, a homage to a song he sang with the Police, “One World (Not Three).”
To test the balls’ durability, Mr. Jahnigen sent them to places like Rwanda, where they were used at a camp for former child soldiers. A lion at the Johannesburg Zoo, who would go through six regular balls a day, played with two balls. A German shepherd spent a year biting on a ball. In every case, the balls withstood the abuse.
Mr. Jahnigen has developed a fifth generation of the ball, which is rounder than earlier versions. He carries samples around the world to conferences, potential buyers and sponsors. For effect, he crushes them and even drives cars over them. All of them bounce and hold their shape. By his estimate, the ball can last for 30 years, eliminating the need for thousands of hand-sewn leather balls that are typically donated by relief agencies.
Mr. Jahnigen has produced about 33,000 balls. About half of them were bought for $40 each. For each ball purchased, another is given away. Word has spread. The ball is being used by a hundred different organizations and has made its way to more than 140 countries. Flight attendants, Doctors Without Borders and a United States Army colonel in Afghanistan have taken balls with them on their travels.
In time, Mr. Jahnigen said, he hopes to get millions of other balls into the hands of children. “A child can play to their heart’s content where there are no content hearts,” he said. “We don’t understand that having a ball is like the best PlayStation 3 or a rocket to Mars.”
Listening Comprehension Test for the 9 th form Students
TASK 1. Decide if the statements are true or false
1. Tim Jahnigen was inspired to create a better soccer ball after learning of the plight of the children of Darfur.
2. A durable football is important to relief organizations because playing helps children deal with stress.
3. Mr. Jahnigen’s soccer ball can last for an estimated 3 decades.
4. The children played with balls made out of trash because they could not afford conventional balls.
5. A dog spent two years biting one of Mr. Jahnigen’s soccer balls and the ball was still in good condition.
6. Mr. Jahnigen’s soccer ball is currently used by different organizations in over 140 countries.
7. The children were not content with playing soccer with balls made out of trash and string.
8. The prototype of Mr. Jahnigen’s soccer ball only cost a fraction of its original estimated cost.
9. Mr. Jahnigen’s soccer balls are created out of the same material used for a line of popular footwear.
10. The current fourth generation model of the ball is lighter than the earlier versions.
11. Tim Jahnigen is currently:
A. A businessman.
B. A chef.
C. A musician.
D. A soccer coach.
12. Tim Jahnigen used all of the following criteria in the development of the ball, EXCEPT:
A. Would not need a pump.
B. Would be lightweight.
C. Would not go flat.
D. Would not wear out.
13. The primary reason that the soccer balls donated by the agencies would deflate is:
A. The children would play too often with the balls.
B. The children did not take care of the balls.
C. The children could not afford to buy a ball pump.
D. The children played soccer on rocky dirt fields.
14. While creating the soccer ball, Mr. Jahnigen was also working on:
A. An affordable car.
B. A medical device.
C. A durable sandal.
D. Forming a relief organization.
15. The durability of Mr. Jahnigen’s soccer ball was tested by:
A. The children of Darfur.
B. The soldiers in Afghanistan.
C. An elephant in Rwanda.
D. A lion in Johannesburg.
STAGE II NATIONAL STUDENTS OLYMPIAD IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
Speaking Comprehension Test for 9thForm Students
DIRECTIONS: In this test you will select three task slips from those before you. After selecting three, choose the one you feel you are most capable to speak about and return the other two to the table face down. Then take about a minute to collect your thoughts before you begin to speak on the topic. You may refer to the topic as needed. Take a deep breath and begin.
1. Imagine you can choose a superpower: the ability to fly, super speed, or super strength.
a. Which superpower would you choose?
b. Why would you choose that power?
c. Would you use that power to help others or yourself?
2. Smartphones are everywhere now. And they are not just telephones- they are entire small computers, complete with apps, games, navigation, music and even the internet! How have smart phones changed communication?
a. Do you have a smartphone? What do you usually do with it?
b. Describe some apps that you know. What do they do?
c. How do you think communication will be different 20 years from now?
3. Every culture has literature that is important to it, including traditional stories and classic literature.
a. Describe the most famous traditional or classical literature in Ukraine.
b. Do you read this literature in school? How did you like it?
c. What have you learned about your culture or yourself by studying these stories?
4. Describe your favorite fairy tale/folk tale.
a. Who are the characters? Where do they live?
b. What happens in the story?
c. What is the message of the story?
5. Imagine that a genie is willing to teach you one skill or talent perfectly. After you learn it, you will be one of the best in the world at that skill.
a. What talent or skill would you learn?
b. Why would you learn that skill? Is it something you have always wanted to learn?
c. What would you do with your new talent or skill?
6. Describe someone who inspires you.
a. How do you know this person? Tell us a little about them.
b. What do they do that inspires you?
c. What lessons have you learned from them that have changed the way you live?
7. If you could spend one hour with someone person from history who would it be?
a. What would you talk about with them?
b. What would you do with them? Where would you go?
c. What is one question you think they might ask you?
8. All systems have their problems, education systems included. Think about your school.
a. Why is it important to get an education?
b. What do you like about the teaching at your school? What don’t you like?
c. If you could change one thing about your school, what would it be?
9. “Good actions give strength to ourselves and inspire good actions in others” -Plato
a. What does this quote mean to you? Do you agree with it?
b. Describe a good action that you saw that inspired you or gave you strength.
c. What can you do to try and inspire others?
10. “The greatest wealth is health.” –Virgil
a. What do you think this quote means? How important is health to you?
b. What do you do to stay healthy?
c. How does health affect our lives?
11. Describe the plot of your favorite movie.
a. Who are the main characters? What are they like?
b. What happens to them?
c. Why do you like the movie?
12. Everyone has a hobby or something they are interested in.
a. What hobbies are most popular with men in your country? With women?
b. Do you have the same hobby as anyone in your family? How did you learn this hobby?
c. Describe a hobby that you would like to try.
13. 90% of young people in Ukraine use the internet at least once a week. Many of them make friends on the internet.
a. Have you ever made any friends on the internet? What are other ways to use the internet?
b. Do you think it is safe to meet people on the internet? What are the risks?
c. Would you ever meet a friend that you met on the internet in real life?
14. All children are taught to be polite, to say “please” and “thank you”, to ask permission for things, to greet people they know. These things together are referred to as “manners.”
a. What are some other examples of good manners? What are some examples of bad manners in Ukraine?
b. Are manners important? What difference to manners make in society?
c. What do you think when you see someone with very bad manners? Can you give an example?
15. Most people will never need to physically defend themselves, but it is very common for people to practice a martial art, such as boxing, karate, judo, or others.
a. Have you ever studied a martial art? Did you know someone who has studied?
b. Why do people study martial arts? What benefits does it give them?
c .Do martial arts have a role in society today?
16. Fashion changes all the time, from year to year and from decade to decade.
a. What clothes are fashionable now? What do people usually wear?
b. Is the current fashion practical?
c. Do you think it is important to stay fashionable?
17. An English proverb says, “The pen is mightier than the sword”
a. What does this proverb mean to you? Do you agree with it?
b. Do you believe that an idea or a poem or a book can change the world? Why or why not?
c. Describe a time that you used words and ideas to solve a problem instead of violence.
18. Everyone is good at something. Finding and nurturing that skill is one of the healthiest and most rewarding things that a person can do.
a. Describe something that you are good at. Did you practice to become good at it?
b. How can you work to improve this ability? What motivates you to improve it?
c. How have you used this ability?
19. It is common for people to have pets. Sometimes the pets are large, like dogs or cats. Sometimes they are smaller, like fish, or birds. Talk about some pets you know.
a. Do you have a pet at home? What kind of a pet?
b. What are the good things about owning a pet? Bad things?
c. What is the difference between a pet and another animal?
20.As you get older you have more responsibilities and are usually expected to help your parents.
a What are some responsibilities that you have at home?
b.Do you always fulfill all of your responsibilities there?
c.Who is the most responsible person in your family? Explain some of their responsibilities.