8th Form

READING  8th Form

Read the text. Choose the best answers.

 

Text : From: “Made in America: The History of Coca-Cola,” Levi’s to Barbie to Google, by Nick Freeth, 2005

 

Coca-cola is probably the world’s best-known taste, and was the first truly global brand.  Dr. John Stith Pemberton, a pharmacist from Atlanta, Georgia, invented the drink.  He mixed the Coca-Cola syrup, which was combined with carbonated water to make a popular soda fountain drink, in the local Jacob’s Pharmacy.  The first customers, who paid a handsome 5 cents a glass, pronounced the drink to be “excellent,” “delicious and refreshing.”

Dr. Pemberton’s partner and bookkeeper, Frank M. Robinson, suggested the product’s unusual name and wrote it down in his florid handwriting, feeling that the “two C’s would look well in advertising.”  The first advertisement for the drink appeared in the Atlanta Journal, and hand-painted oilcloth signs indicated which soda fountains offered the product.  This was just the first step in a fantastic cooperation between the brand and advertising, which has made the trademark universally recognized.  A continuous stream of slogans have entered the collective consciousness, from “Drink Coca-Cola” in 1886, the iconic “I’d Like to Teach the World to Sing” television advertisement of 1971, right up to the simple assertion “Real” of today’s campaign.

From its original output of around nine drinks a day, Coca-Cola is now the world’s most ubiquitous brand, serving over 1.3 billion drinks every day, around the world.

 

  1. The coca-cola logo comes from …
    1. an idea that Dr. John Stith Pemberton had.
    2. an advertisement in the Atlanta Journal.
    3. Frank M. Robinson’s belief that the name would market well.
    4. the first customers at Jacob’s Pharmacy.

 

  1. Coca-cola has been advertised for about ……….. years.
    1. 90
    2. 120
    3. 150
    4. 200

 

  1. Coca-cola first became popular with …
    1. young people who saw the TV commercials.
    2. Pemberton’s friends and family.
    3. the customers at the local pharmacy.
    4. Frank M. Robinson.

 

  1. Coca-cola has become the popular and recognized product that it is today due to …
    1. its cheap price in Jacob’s Pharmacy.
    2. the first customers who drank it.
    3. Pemberton’s disgusting recipe.
    4. the brand and advertising together.

 

  1. “Ubiquitous” means …
    1. delicious.
    2. existing everywhere.
    3. important.
    4. least popular.

 

Have you seen a football match recently? If you have, I’m sure that you heard lots of comments about the referee as well as about the players! Referees have a very difficult job. They have to make quick and important decisions in the middle of a fast-moving game. And, of course, there are thousands of people shouting at them too. The crowd is never happy when the ref sends off their favourite player. Also, in football today there still isn’t the same technology as there is in other sports, like tennis. The job can get even more difficult when you’re a woman who is refereeing a men’s match!

There is no reason why there should not be the same number of male and female referees in the sport today. However, the number of female refs is still very low – particularly at the highest levels of professional football. This is something that one woman, Pat Dunn, who died in 1999, would have been very sad about.

Pat was the first woman in the UK to referee a men’s football match but she wasn’t allowed to do this for a long time. Pat was a strong supporter of women’s rights in sport and became President of the Ladies’ Football Association in 1969. Then she decided to train to be a referee. For a long time the Football Association refused to give her a certificate although she had passed the exams. But Pat continued fighting and she finally got permission in 1976. The next month she became famous when she refereed her first official FA game. Pat became a very good and successful referee and even saved a footballer’s life. She helped him when he was injured during a match!

Today there are some famous female referees, like Bibiana Steinhaus from Germany who has just refereed the final of the Women’s Football World Cup. Bibiana decided to become a referee at the age of 16 and later was the first female referee in the German men’s professional league. But there are only a few like her.

Football is still mainly a men’s game – both for players and referees. But for how long? Will we see more women referees in the future? We’d like to know what YOU think. So, please go online and leave a comment on our website. We’ll print the most interesting ones in the magazine next week.

Are the sentences true ( T ) or false ( F )?

6   The article is from a magazine. ___

7   The writer says that women are better referees than men. ___

8   Pat Dunn is still alive today. ___

9   Pat didn’t get her referee certificate immediately. ___

10 Bibiana Steinhaus played in a football final. ___

Choose the best answers.

  1. Referees have a difficult job because…

A.  they need to run fast.

B.  the players shout at them.

C.  they have to think quickly.

 

  1. In the sport of tennis…

A. they use more technology.

B.  there are more women players.

C.  there are bigger crowds.

 

  1. Who was Pat Dunn?

A.  A woman football player.

B.  A nurse at football matches.

C.  An important member of the Ladies’ Football Association.

 

  1. When was the first female referee in the UK appointed?

A  1969                  B        1976                        C 1999

 

  1. Bibiana Steinhaus…

A.  wanted to be a referee when she was a teenager.

B.  recently refereed a men’s football final.

C.  plays in the top women’s league.

 

 

STAGE II NATIONAL STUDENTS OLYMPIAD IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Listening Comprehension Test for 8th Form Students

 

It’s summer again and we can’t wait to go on our holidays. But not all holidays are so nice and relaxing! Here’s another story in our series “A holiday that went wrong’. Agnes, over to you.

 

Agnes: Last year I decided to go on a walking tour along the coast of the Baltic Sea. I was fed up with the idea of lying on the beach, sunbathing and doing nothing; what I wanted was an active holiday. I started the preparations in June. I was very excited about it, and I couldn’t wait to start!

The first day was pretty good. I walked for about four hours in the morning, and about three in the afternoon. But when I got to the place where I planned to spend the night, it turned out that there was not a single bed left free. I had to sleep out on the beach. The second day started with heavy rain, so my things got very wet. On the third day I began to have problems with my shoes. They were supposed to be ‘perfect trekking boots for all conditions’, but it just wasn’t true. My feet hurt so much that I had to take a bus to the nearest town to buy some other shoes. When I was there, I accidentally met an old friend. She invited me to her holiday home in the Lake District, but I refused to go because I wanted to keep walking along the seashore! So I did.

Next day, though, there was not only a problem with my shoes (I mean the new ones), but also another worry: there was no way to go! The track along the shore was blocked for some reason. I thought it would take me a long time to find another route. To make things worse, my feet hurt, so I didn’t feel like waling any more. In the end, I decided to call my friend with a house in the Lake District. When she heard my voice, she said happily, ‘Great! We’ll be lying on the beach, sunbathing and doing nothing!’ Well, I must say I quite liked this idea…


STAGE II NATIONAL STUDENTS OLYMPIAD IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Listening Comprehension Test for 8th Form Students

Task 1.

Decide if the statements are True (T) or False (F).

_____  1) Agnes didn’t want to lie on the beach because she was bored with it.

_____  2) On the first day of her holiday, she spent about ten hours walking.

_____  3) She went to the town because she wanted to see her old friend.

_____  4) Even though she changed her shoes, her problems didn’t stop.

_____  5) She had to stop her walking tour because she had lost her way.

_____  6) Agnes said that her bed at the hotel was uncomfortable.

_____  7) She had problems because she had bought the wrong kind of shoes.

_____  8) She asked her friend if they would be able to lie on the beach and do nothing.

_____  9) She didn’t want to go to her friend’s lake house at first.

_____ 10) She started preparations for her trip very early.

 

Task 2.

Choose the best answer.

 

11) Agnes wanted to take a tour…

  1. a) In a small town near the Baltic Sea.
  2. b) Along the shore of the Baltic Sea.
  3. c) Around the Lake District.

 

12) At the beginning of the second day…

  1. a) it rained and Agnes got wet.
  2. b) she began having shoe problems.
  3. c) she met a friend in the town.
  4. d) the road was blocked.

 

13) Agnes went to town…

  1. a) on foot.
  2. b) with an old friend.
  3. c) by boat.
  4. d) by bus.

 

14) On the third day, she didn’t…

  1. a) take a bus.
  2. b) visit an old friend.
  3. c) meet an old friend.
  4. d) buy new shoes.

 

15) She didn’t continue walking along the shore because…

  1. a) she met her old friend.
  2. b) there was no path.
  3. c) it was raining.
  4. d) the way was blocked.

 

STAGE II NATIONAL STUDENTS OLYMPIAD IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Speaking Comprehension Test for 8thForm Students

 

DIRECTIONS: In this test you will select three task slips from those before you. After selecting three, choose the one you feel you are most capable to speak about and return the other two to the table face down. Then take about a minute to collect your thoughts before you begin to speak on the topic. You may refer to the topic as needed. Take a deep breath and begin.

1.Tell us about your reading habits.

  1. Do you prefer reading fiction or non-fiction? Why?
  2. What are you reading at the moment?
  3. Do you read mostly for relaxation or for study purposes?

2.Explain football to an alien that has never seen it before.

  1. How do you play football? What are the rules?
  2. How do you keep score? How do you win?
  3. Why do so many people watch football?

3.You use technology every day, from the stove that you cook food on, to the mobile phone in your pocket. It has changed almost every part of life.

  1. What technology is most important in your life?
  2. How do you use that technology? Do you need it in your daily life?
  3. Imagine living without that technology. What would it be like?

4.“Well done is better than well said.” ~Benjamin Franklin

  1. What does this quote mean to you?
  2. Do you agree with this quote?
  3. Describe a time when you did more than you said you would.

5.Describe the perfect house

  1. What does it look like? Where is it located in the world?
  2. What is more important to you, its location or its appearance?
  3. Describe one room in the house that is special to you.

6.Imagine that you are alone on a desert island and have three things with you.

  1. What three things do you want to have on the desert island?
  2. How will you use these things to survive?
  3. Would you like to live on the desert island or try to be rescued?

7.Describe your brother or sister or a close friend.

  1. What do they look like?
  2. What do you like about their personality? Give an example.
  3. What don’t you like about their personality? Give an example.

8.If you could be in any TV show, what would it be?

  1. Would you be a new character or an existing one?
  2. How would you introduce yourself to the plot?
  3. What relationship would you have with the other characters?

9.Imagine that you are writing an email to a new friend in America. Your friend has asked about your town.

  1. Describe your town or village to your friend.
  2. What places and buildings are there? How big is the town? How many people live there?
  3. What do you do for fun? What is the nearest city?

10. Describe a time when you had a problem with a friend and how you overcame it.

  1. What was the problem? How did the problem start?
  2. How did you and your friend resolve the problem?
  3. Did you get help from any other friends or family members?

11.It is especially important for young people to eat healthy food in order to maintain their growing bodies. Think about the food you eat.

  1. Describe what you eat on a typical day. What do you have for breakfast? Lunch? Dinner?
  2. What do you eat that isn’t healthy but is really tasty?
  3. Do you think that you have a healthy diet? Why?

 

12.Imagine you are making your favorite dish for a friend.

  1. What ingredients do you need?
  2. Who taught you to make this dish?
  3. Do you have any special memories connected to this dish?

13.What subjects do you enjoy studying at school?

  1. Have you always enjoyed these subjects?
  2. Why is it that you prefer these subjects to others?
  3. How much homework do you get in your favourite subject and how would you feel if you had to do more homework?.

14.How do you usually spend your free time?

  1. Do you prefer to spend your free time with family or friends?
  2. What did you do last weekend?
  3. How do you think you’ll spend your free time when you are older?

15.The average person who plays video games spends more than 6 hours every week playing video games.

  1. Do you think that video games are a waste of time?
  2. Can we learn anything from video games?
  3. Do you play video games? Why/why not?

16.Describe the perfect vacation

  1. Where would you travel to?
  2. Who would you travel with? How long would you stay?
  3. What is things you would do there?

17.Someone has offered to take you shopping for one day, and will buy you anything that you want from one single store, no matter the price.

  1. What store would you choose to go to? Why?
  2. What things would you buy from that store? You can buy as many things as you want.
  3. Why would you choose those things? What would you do with them?

18.Describe the best holiday memory you have

  1. Where did you go? What did you do?
  2. Who did you go with?
  3. What happened that made it so memorable?

19.Imagine you can choose a superpower: the ability to fly, super speed, or super strength.

  1. Which superpower would you choose?
  2. Why would you choose that power?
  3. Would you use that power to help others or yourself?

20.Imagine that a genie is willing to teach you one skill or talent perfectly. After you learn it, you will be one of the best in the world at that skill.

  1. What talent or skill would you learn?
  2. Why would you learn that skill? Is it something you have always wanted to learn?
  3. What would you do with your new talent or skill?

 

STAGE II NATIONAL STUDENTS OLYMPIAD IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Speaking Comprehension Test for 8thForm Students

DIRECTIONS: In this test you will select three task slips from those before you. After selecting three, choose the one you feel you are most capable to speak about and return the other two to the table face down. Then take about a minute to collect your thoughts before you begin to speak on the topic. You may refer to the topic as needed. Take a deep breath and begin.

1. Tell us about your reading habits.
1. Do you prefer reading fiction or non-fiction? Why?
2. What are you reading at the moment?
3. Do you read mostly for relaxation or for study purposes?

2. Explain football to an alien that has never seen it before.
1. How do you play football? What are the rules?
2. How do you keep score? How do you win?
3. Why do so many people watch football?

3. You use technology every day, from the stove that you cook food on, to the mobile phone in your pocket. It has changed almost every part of life.
1. What technology is most important in your life?
2. How do you use that technology? Do you need it in your daily life?
3. Imagine living without that technology. What would it be like?

4. “Well done is better than well said.” ~Benjamin Franklin
1. What does this quote mean to you?
2. Do you agree with this quote?
3. Describe a time when you did more than you said you would.

5. Describe the perfect house
1. What does it look like? Where is it located in the world?
2. What is more important to you, its location or its appearance?
3. Describe one room in the house that is special to you.

6. Imagine that you are alone on a desert island and have three things with you.
1. What three things do you want to have on the desert island?
2. How will you use these things to survive?
3. Would you like to live on the desert island or try to be rescued?

7. Describe your brother or sister or a close friend.
1. What do they look like?
2. What do you like about their personality? Give an example.
3. What don’t you like about their personality? Give an example.

8. If you could be in any TV show, what would it be?
1. Would you be a new character or an existing one?
2. How would you introduce yourself to the plot?
3. What relationship would you have with the other characters?

9. Imagine that you are writing an email to a new friend in America. Your friend has asked about your town.
1. Describe your town or village to your friend.
2. What places and buildings are there? How big is the town? How many people live there?
3. What do you do for fun? What is the nearest city?

10. Describe a time when you had a problem with a friend and how you overcame it.
1. What was the problem? How did the problem start?
2. How did you and your friend resolve the problem?
3. Did you get help from any other friends or family members?

11. It is especially important for young people to eat healthy food in order to maintain their growing bodies. Think about the food you eat.
1. Describe what you eat on a typical day. What do you have for breakfast? Lunch? Dinner?
2. What do you eat that isn’t healthy but is really tasty?
3. Do you think that you have a healthy diet? Why?

12. Imagine you are making your favorite dish for a friend.
1. What ingredients do you need?
2. Who taught you to make this dish?
3. Do you have any special memories connected to this dish?

13. What subjects do you enjoy studying at school?
1. Have you always enjoyed these subjects?
2. Why is it that you prefer these subjects to others?
3. How much homework do you get in your favourite subject and how would you feel if you had to do more homework?.

14. How do you usually spend your free time?
1. Do you prefer to spend your free time with family or friends?
2. What did you do last weekend?
3. How do you think you’ll spend your free time when you are older?

15. The average person who plays video games spends more than 6 hours every week playing video games.
1. Do you think that video games are a waste of time?
2. Can we learn anything from video games?
3. Do you play video games? Why/why not?

16. Describe the perfect vacation
1. Where would you travel to?
2. Who would you travel with? How long would you stay?
3. What is things you would do there?

17. Someone has offered to take you shopping for one day, and will buy you anything that you want from one single store, no matter the price.
1. What store would you choose to go to? Why?
2. What things would you buy from that store? You can buy as many things as you want.
3. Why would you choose those things? What would you do with them?

18. Describe the best holiday memory you have
1. Where did you go? What did you do?
2. Who did you go with?
3. What happened that made it so memorable?

19. Imagine you can choose a superpower: the ability to fly, super speed, or super strength.
1. Which superpower would you choose?
2. Why would you choose that power?
3. Would you use that power to help others or yourself?

20. Imagine that a genie is willing to teach you one skill or talent perfectly. After you learn it, you will be one of the best in the world at that skill.
1. What talent or skill would you learn?
2. Why would you learn that skill? Is it something you have always wanted to learn?
3. What would you do with your new talent or skill?